Nokia (Alcatel-Lucent) virtual 7750 SR (vRR/vSR, TiMOS) first boot provisioning

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I advertised to you recently another great virtual lab environment – Unified Networking Lab – with tools like that one I practiced the cool technologies of Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing platform and prepared to many certification exams. And I encourage you to go the same way, not just read the books and force the dumps, but actually build a topology and walk through interesting scenarios.

If you boot a Cisco router like 7210 one, or even Juniper vMX, you could configure some interfaces, protocols and so on right away. With Alcatel-Lucent 7750 SR this approach doomed to fail, you should know how bring to life 7750 virtual Service Router (vSR) once you booted it before any further configuration steps.

And this short post will be just about that, what should you configure on 7750 SR after the first boot to make it running with Unetlab or GNS3?  


Nokia (Alcatel-Lucent) BGP configuration tutorial. Part 2 – BGP policies. Community


In the first part of this BGP tutorial we prepared the ground by configuring eBGP/iBGP peering. We did a good job overall, yet plain BGP peering relationship is useless, the power of BGP in its ability for granular management of multiple routes from multiple sources. And the tools that help BGP to handle this complex task are BGP policies at their full glory.

In this part we will discuss and practice:

  • BGP export/import policies for route advertisement/filtering;
  • BGP communities operations;
  • Aggregation of BGP routes: route summarization technique and the corresponding aggregate  and atomic-aggregate path attributes



Understanding QEMU

Since QEMU is the main tool I use in our virtual lab, it is crucial to know what qemu in general is and what are all the qemu options for? And I am no expert here, actully I ran some qemu images myself without honest understanding why am I providing this particular set of options and invoking qemu like that.

So to save myself some time in further searching for a good qemu guides and how-to’s I will keep here links about it I personally find useful

  1. Qemu page on an Arch linux wiki
  2. OpenSuse beautiful guide on Qemu



Adding Spirent Virtual Test Center traffic generator to Unetlab


Having a traffic generator in a lab is a huge advantage, hands down. As to this moment Unified Networking Lab supports software-based traffic generator called Ostinato. But I had an opportunity to use another traffic generator – Spirent Test Center, virtual edition.

Spirent’s images are not officially integrated/supported by UNL, so you will see how to add something that is not supported yet by Unetlab.


Wireshark Mac OS X v1.99.1 Waitpid() error quick fix #

I had 1.99.1 beta running in Mavericks quite well, problems arose with upgrade to 10.10. Yosemite. I saw  Error from waitpid(): Interrupted system call.  every time wireshark started and did not see any interfaces to start capture on.

Thanks I was not alone with this one, go to the link provided to see the details, or do not give a sh*t and apply this one liner fix:

You may have to restart wireshark one/two times till changes take effect.


How to run Juniper vMX in UNetLab


Juniper offers its brilliant MX routers for virtual environments – namely vMX. And we cant name ourselves engineers if we wouldn’t try to run one in the Unetlab. Running vMX in the unetlab is a simple task, yet I see many complaints about vMX not working. With this being said I invite you to a journey called “running vMX in Unetlab. Painless edition”.


How to permanently change qemu’s qcow2 image?


Of course you heard of qemu. Its a hypervisor used by UNetLab and GNS3 to integrate virtual routers like Alcatel-Lucent’s 7750 SR, Junipers vMX and Cisco’s XRv. And it is well-known that those virtual routers come in the form of qemu disk images with an odd  qcow2 extension. But how can we alter those disc images if we need, for example, preconfigure and distribute an image with some interfaces configured, or got system name changed or even upload a license file?

I invite you to acquire this useful knowledge under the cut section.

ADD: I wrote another post on how to do this stuff automatically with libguestfs tools.


NOSHUT got twitter! #

Hey fellows! I know some of you prefer to track new posts in twitter feed. For those of you I created noshut_ru twitter account where you will find all the updates and some reposts from networking gurus. Follow!


Unified Networking Lab for Nokia (Alcatel-Lucent), Juniper, Cisco and many more…


A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away engineers hunted eBay for used routers to meet their demand for home labbing. Rack-rental services were kings and an ability to run cisco ios under dynamips felt like pure magic. Those dark days are gone… Thanks to massive eruption of virtualization technologies.

In this topic I will introduce you to Unified Networking Lab (UNL) – web-based tool which is capable to run so many images in a so convenient way that you might read this whole topic with your jaw opened.

Want to know how to run Cisco, Juniper, Alcatel-Lucent, F5, Vyatta, Mikrotik and dozens of other networking OSes? You came to the right place.

This post is the most popular one at this blog, it outstands other topics by far and the reason is simple — UNL is a solid tool that helped many of us to reach our goals and it was completely free.

At this moment UNL team is looking for our help in their pursuit of making a better product — EVE-NG — which is an evolution of UNL and has a lot of planned improvements and new features. For a complete list of features and a demo of EVE refer to their campaign on Indiegogo.

We are community, we help each other.