BGP VPLS explained (Nokia & Juniper)

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It may very well be that VPLS days are numbered and EVPN is to blame. Nevertheless, it would be naive to expect VPLS extinction in the near future. With all its shortcomings VPLS is still very well standardized, interop-proven and has a huge footprint in MPLS networks of various scale.

In this post I will cover theory and configuration parts for one particular flavor of VPLS signalling — BGP VPLS (aka Kompella VPLS) defined in RFC4761. I’ll start with simple single home VPLS scenario while multi-homing techniques and some advanced configurations will appear in separate post later.

In this topic the following SW releases were used:

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Basic IPv6 configuration for Nokia and Juniper routers

This is a quick IPv6 interface configuration tutorial for Nokia 7750 VSR (SROS) and Juniper vMX routers.

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Basic L3VPN (BGP/MPLS VPN or VPRN) configuration. Nokia (Alcatel-Lucent) & Juniper

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This time I will cover in details basic Layer 3 VPN (L3VPN or VPRN) configuration, and I decided to kill two birds with one stone by inviting Juniper vMX (read here on how to add vMX to Unetlab) to our cozy Alcatel-Lucent environment.

In this post we will configure BGP/MPLS VPN [RFC 4364] including:

  • PE-PE relationship configuration with VPN IPv4 family introduction
  • PE-CE routing configuration with both BGP and OSPF as routing protocols
  • Export policy configuration for advertising VPN routes on PE routers
  • AS override configuration
  • and many more

As a bonus track I will share with you Control Plane and Data Plane evaluation diagrams which help a lot for understanding the whole BGP VPN picture. Take your seats, there is no flying from VPNs!

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How to run Juniper vMX in UNetLab

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Juniper offers its brilliant MX routers for virtual environments – namely vMX. And we cant name ourselves engineers if we wouldn’t try to run one in the Unetlab. Running vMX in the unetlab is a simple task, yet I see many complaints about vMX not working. With this being said I invite you to a journey called “running vMX in Unetlab. Painless edition”.

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OSPF. Neighbors on a “point-to-broadcast” network

When it comes to basic OSPF troubleshooting the first-aid kit is Neighbor states and things, that should match to form an adjacency. And on one early morning while refreshing my memory on OSPF neighbor states I accidentally ran into quite interesting problem.

But before we start, answer the short question:

Will adjacency be formed between directly connected via Gig. Ethernet interfaces routers R1 and R2 if

  • R1’s OSPF interface type configured as point-to-point
  • R2’s OSPF interface type configured as broadcast

 Time’s up. The answer is – yes and no. Wanna know why? Jump in, I have to show you something.

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